Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct


Law 12 of FIFA’s Laws of the Game (LOTG) cover the enforcement of the game’s rules by the referee. These rules are designed to keep the game fair and safe. This gives the referee a lot of power to regulate the flow of the game while keeping the players safe, so this is actually a very important responsibility.

For coaches, players, and parents, knowing the Laws of the Game will make you a better teacher, contestant, and spectator.

Enforcement Categories

Law 12 also covers fouls and misconduct for players, coaches, and team officials. These rules are broken down into four enforcement categories:

If the infraction is particularly serious, cautioning a player or sending a player off (ejecting them from the game) may be warranted. This is what the yellow and red cards are for.

Coaches and Team Officials

Special rules and actions are applied to the coaches and team officials.